Reproductive Health Care for Female Adolescents Prescribed Mycophenolate at a Children's Hospital: A 10-Year Retrospective Cohort Study

Noor Al-Husayni, Sofya Maslyanskaya, Tamar B. Rubinstein, Susan M. Coupey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To describe female adolescents’ reproductive health needs and subspecialists’ teratogenic counseling at initiation of mycophenolate as well as use of reproductive health care and contraception after mycophenolate initiation. Study design: We searched health records for female patients aged 12-20 years prescribed mycophenolate from 2010 to 2019. We included 125 subjects, 72 with systemic lupus erythematosus, 27 with transplants, and 26 with other conditions. We reviewed all encounters with pediatric subspecialists and reproductive clinicians. We recorded counseling by subspecialists at mycophenolate initiation and compared rates pre- and post-Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS). We recorded subjects’ menstrual, sexual and pregnancy history, type of first highly effective contraceptive method used, and duration of use over the decade. Results: At mycophenolate initiation, mean age was 16.8 ± 2.6 years; 72% Hispanic/Latina or Black. In total, 80% were postmenarchal, 28% ever had sex, 18% ever had a reproductive health care visit, 14% used highly effective contraception, and 7% were ever pregnant. Post-REMS vs pre-REMS, we found greater rates of counseling for teratogenicity (68% vs 32%, P < .001) and contraception (62% vs 32%, P < .001) and pregnancy testing (51% vs 24%, P < .01). Over the mean 4.9 ± 3.3 years’ follow-up, 56% ever had sex; 59% ever attended a reproductive health care visit; 38% used highly effective contraception; and 10% had a pregnancy. Conclusions: Adolescents prescribed mycophenolate have ongoing unmet reproductive health care needs. Although many are sexually active, fewer use effective contraception. Teratogenicity counseling rates improved over the decade but not rates of referral for reproductive health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-258
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
StatePublished - Feb 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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