Renal function is associated with indicators of arsenic methylation capacity in Bangladeshi adults

Brandilyn A. Peters, Megan N. Hall, Xinhua Liu, Vesna Slavkovich, Vesna Ilievski, Shafiul Alam, Abu B. Siddique, Tariqul Islam, Joseph H. Graziano, Mary V. Gamble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Background: Arsenic (As) methylation capacity in epidemiologic studies is typically indicated by the proportions of inorganic As (%InAs), monomethylarsonic acid (%MMA), and dimethylarsinic acid (%DMA) in urine as a fraction of total urinary As. The relationship between renal function and indicators of As methylation capacity has not been thoroughly investigated. Objectives: Our two aims were to examine (1) associations between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and %As metabolites in blood and urine, and (2) whether renal function modifies the relationship of blood %As metabolites with respective urinary %As metabolites. Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 375 As-exposed Bangladeshi adults, we measured blood and urinary As metabolites, and calculated eGFR from plasma cystatin C. Results: In covariate-adjusted linear models, a 1ml/min/1.73m2 increase in eGFR was associated with a 0.39% increase in urinary %InAs (p<0.0001) and a mean decrease in urinary %DMA of 0.07 (p=0.0005). In the 292 participants with measurable blood As metabolites, the associations of eGFR with increased blood %InAs and decreased blood %DMA did not reach statistical significance. eGFR was not associated with urinary or blood %MMA in covariate-adjusted models. For a given increase in blood %InAs, the increase in urinary %InAs was smaller in those with reduced eGFR, compared to those with normal eGFR (p=0.06); this effect modification was not observed for %MMA or %DMA. Conclusions: Urinary excretion of InAs may be impaired in individuals with reduced renal function. Alternatively, increased As methylation capacity (as indicated by decreased urinary %InAs) may be detrimental to renal function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Research
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Arsenic
  • Bangladesh
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Kidney
  • Methylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)


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