Racial Disparities in Charges, Length of Stay, and Complications Following Adult Inpatient Epistaxis Treatment

Avneet Randhawa, Karandeep S. Randhawa, Christopher C. Tseng, Christina H. Fang, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Although recent studies have identified an association between race and adverse outcomes in head and neck surgeries, there are limited data examining the impact of racial disparities on adult inpatient outcomes following epistaxis management procedures. Objective: To analyze the association between race and adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients undergoing epistaxis treatment. Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis utilized the 2003 to 2014 National Inpatient Sample. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes were used to identify cases with a primary diagnosis of epistaxis that underwent a procedure for epistaxis control. Cases with missing data were excluded. Higher total charges and prolonged length of stay (LOS) were indicated by values greater than the 75th percentile. Demographics, hospital characteristics, Elixhauser comorbidity score, and complications were compared among race cohorts using univariate chi-square analysis and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The independent effect of race on adverse outcomes was analyzed using multivariate binary logistic regression while adjusting for the aforementioned variables. Results: Of the 83 356 cases of epistaxis included, 80.3% were White, 12.5% Black, and 7.2% Hispanic. Black patients had increased odds of urinary/renal complications (odds ratio [OR] 2.148, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.797-2.569, P <.001) compared to White patients. Additionally, Black patients experienced higher odds of prolonged LOS (OR 1.227, 95% CI 1.101-1.367, P <.001) and higher total charges (OR 1.257, 95% CI 1.109-1.426, P <.001) compared to White patients. Similarly, Hispanic patients were more likely to experience urinary/renal complications (OR 1.605, 95% CI 1.244-2.071, P <.001), higher total charges (OR 1.519, 95% CI 1.302-1.772, P <.001), and prolonged LOS (OR 1.157, 95% CI 1.007-1.331, P =.040) compared to White patients. Conclusion: Race is an important factor associated with an increased incidence of complications in hospitalized patients treated for epistaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • National Inpatient Sample
  • disparity
  • epistaxis
  • head and neck
  • outcomes
  • race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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