Race-ethnic disparities in hospital arrival time after ischemic stroke

Mellanie V. Springer, Daniel L. Labovitz, Ethan C. Hochheiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Objective: Conflicting reports exist about hospital arrival time after stroke onset in Hispanics compared with African Americans and Caucasians. Our current study investigates race-ethnic disparities in hospital arrival times after stroke onset. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of hospital arrival times in Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian acute ischemic stroke patients (N=1790) presenting to a tertiary-care hospital in the Bronx, New York. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify the association between race-ethnicity and hospital arrival time adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES), NIH stroke scale (NIHSS), history of stroke, preferred language and transportation mode to the hospital. Results: There were 338 Caucasians, 662 Hispanics, and 790 African Americans in the cohort. Compared with Caucasians, African Americans and Hispanics were younger (P<.0001 respectively), had lower SES (P<.001 respectively) and were less likely to use EMS (P=.003 and P=.001, respectively). A greater proportion of Hispanic and African American women had delayed hospital arrival times (≥3 hours) after onset of stroke symptoms compared with Caucasian women (74% of Hispanic, 72% of African American, and 59% of Caucasian women), but this difference between race-ethnicities is no longer present after adjusting for socioeconomic status. Compared with Caucasian men, hospital arrival ≥3 hours after symptom onset was more likely for African American men (OR 1.72, 95% CI:1.05-2.79) but not Hispanic men (OR .80, 95% CI .49-1.30). Conclusions: African American men and socially disadvantaged women delay in presenting to the hospital after stroke onset. Future research should focus on identifying the factors contributing to pre-hospital delay among race-ethnic minorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017


  • African Americans
  • Delay
  • Health care disparities
  • Hispanics
  • Race
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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