Properties of the mouse embryo conditioned medium factor(s) stimulating colony formation by mouse bone marrow cells grown in vitro

E. R. Stanley, T. R. Bradley, M. A. Sumner

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32 Scopus citations


The properties of the mouse embryo cell conditioned medium (ECM) colony stimulating factor(s) from six day mouse embryo cultures have been examined. The general properties were similar to those described previously for the human urine colony stimulating factor. The ECM colony stimulating activity (CSA) was not lost following treatment with nucleases, glycosidases, phospholipases and proteolytic enzymes with the exception of α‐chymotrypsin. ECM CSA was lost following mild periodate treatment. Fractionation of ECM CSA revealed a slight size heterogeneity on gel‐filtration and on zone sedimentation in sucrose gradients. There was a discrepancy between the apparent molecular weights determined by gel‐filtration (70,000–150,000) and by zone sedimentation (64,000) as has been reported previously for other colony stimulating factors. A gross charge heterogeneity of ECM CSA was apparent on electrophoresis and DEAE‐cellulose chromatography, and a heterogeneity of the elution profile on stepwise elution from calcium phosphate gel was observed. This heterogeneity was still apparent in the presence of 6M urea and appeared to be unchanged following re‐chromatography on DEAE‐cellulose under the usual fractionation conditions. These studies suggested that the heterogeneity was not due to easily reversible combinations of active subunits. The electrophoretic heterogeneity of six day ECM CSA was found to develop gradually from an electrophoretically monodisperse band at day 2 of culture. Experiments in which preparations containing concentrated monodisperse ECM CSA were added back to culture dishes during and after ECM production suggested that the development of heterogeneity was related to the production or release of factor(s) from the cells rather than the action on the colony stimulating factor(s) of an extracellular enzyme in the medium. Alteration of the electrophoretic mobility of six day ECM CSA by incubation with purified sialidase suggested the presence of sialic acid on the active molecules. Purification procedures for the ECM factor(s) were not developed to any large extent primarily in view of the charge heterogeneity. The results of this study suggest that the ECM colony stimulating factor(s) is a glycoprotein(s).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-317
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1971
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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