NF-HB (BSAP) is a repressor of the murine immunoglobulin heavy-chain 3'α enhancer at early stages of B-cell differentiation

M. Singh, B. K. Birshtein

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134 Scopus citations


We have identified a nuclear factor expressed in pro-B-, pre-B-, and B- cell lines that binds to two sites within the murine immunoglobulin heavy- chain (IgH) 3'α enhancer (3'αE). These sites were defined by oligonucleotide competition in an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and methylation interference footprinting. The 3'αE-binding factor is indistinguishable from NF-HB (B-lineage-specific nuclear factor that binds to the IgH gene) and the B-lineage-specific transcription factor BSAP by several criteria, including similar cell type distribution of binding activity, cross-competition of binding sites in EMSA, similar protein size as demonstrated by UV cross-linking, and sequence identity of one of the 3'αE- binding sites with a BSAP-binding site within the promoter of the sea urchin late histone gene H2A-2.2. These observations indicate that 3'αE is one of the mammalian targets for NF-HB (BSAP). Transient-transfection assays with chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene constructs containing 3'αE and mutant 3'αE, in which one of the NF-HB binding sites was inactivated by site- specific mutagenesis, showed ca. five- to sixfold-enhanced activity of mutated 3'αE over parental 3'αE in B-cell lines (NF-HB+), while no significant difference was observed in plasmacytoma cells (NF-HB-). We conclude from these observations that NF-HB (BSAP) acts as a repressor of the mouse IgH 3'αE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3611-3622
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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