Neuroophthalmologic Abnormalities and Intravascular Therapy of Traumatic Carotid Cavernous Fistulas

Mark J. Kupersmith, Alex Berenstein, Eugene Flamm, Joseph Ransohoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Traumatic fistulas were successfully embolized using various transvascular approaches in 33 of 34 lesions. Complete superselective angiographic demonstration of the exact site of the shunt and possible collaterals was necessary to choose the appropriate embolization techniques. Improvement in the signs of orbital congestion was seen in all cases. Embolization, which directly occludes the fistula, precludes recurrences via collateralization and restores the normal arteriovenous gradient to the eye and optic nerve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-912
Number of pages7
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes


  • carotid cavernous fistula
  • embolization
  • isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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