Multiple risk factors contribute to childhood stunting in Karnataka, India

Srilakshmi M. Raj, Ruwanthi Ekanayake, Meenakshi Bhat, Jayarama Kadandale, Prabhu L. Pingali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Childhood stunting remains a prominent metric in the health and development of modern India. In Karnataka, India, districts vary substantially in stunting prevalence. Here we take a close look at the nature of childhood stunting in the state: its epidemiology, genetics, biology, nutritional basis, environmental contribution, policy and field-based understanding. We explore how these factors interact with one another, and suggest ways to target modifiable risk factors for stunting (e.g. nutrition, exposure to infectious diseases, sanitation), which may influence the impact of non-modifiable risk factors (e.g. congenital factors, climate). We suggest that programmes designed to reduce stunting prevalence should accommodate these complex interactions, which could translate to more substantial impact on child health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-364
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 10 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Childhood stunting
  • environment
  • genetics
  • public health
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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