Metabolomic Profiling of Cardiac Fibrosis and Steatosis in Women with or at Risk for HIV

Sanyog G. Shitole, Mahim Naveed, Zheng Wang, Tao Wang, Yoko Kato, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Robert C. Kaplan, Phyllis C. Tien, Kathryn Anastos, Jason M. Lazar, João A.C. Lima, Qibin Qi, Jorge R. Kizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background:Heart failure is a prevalent disorder whose prognosis remains poor despite advances in treatment. Women with or at risk for HIV may be particularly susceptible, yet the metabolic pathways that promote myocardial disease and heart failure in this context remain incompletely characterized.Methods:To evaluate the metabolomic signatures of cardiac magnetic resonance measured phenotypes, we used available plasma metabolomic measures from participants in the Women's Interagency HIV Study who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Our primary outcomes were myocardial extracellular volume fraction (MECV) and intramyocardial triglyceride content (IMTG). We applied partial least squares and identified the top 10 lipid and polar metabolites associated with MECV and IMTG. We used multivariable linear regression to evaluate these metabolites' individual associations with each phenotype.Results:The mean age of participants (n = 153) was 53 ± 7, 93% were Black or Hispanic, and 74% were HIV positive. Phenylacetylglutamine, a microbial metabolite, was positively associated with MECV after full adjustment and false discovery rate correction. Three phosphatidylcholine species, N-acetylaspartic acid, and a lysophosphatidylcholine species were inversely associated with IMTG, while prolylglycine, methionine sulfoxide, sphingosine, taurine, and phosphorylcholine were positively associated with this phenotype. We found no evidence of interaction by HIV for the observed associations, but there was effect modification by hepatitis C virus of taurine's and phosphorylcholine's associations with IMTG.Conclusion:Among women with or at risk for HIV, we related various lipid and polar metabolites to cardiac fibrosis or steatosis, of which phenylacetylglutamine, N-acetylaspartic acid, and prolylglycine are novel. These findings implicate plausible mechanisms that could be targetable for therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-172
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023


  • HIV
  • cardiac dysfunction
  • metabolomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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