Mapping of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: How Many Sites, How Many Lines

Claude S. Elayi, Luigi Di Biase, Gustavo Morales, Jenks Thompson, Andrea Natale

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Pulmonary venous antral isolation is definitely the cornerstone of ablation of both paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, to obtain better outcomes in persistent AF, additional ablation that targets the AF substrate and triggers is required. This edition first published 2013

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCardiac Mapping
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780470670460
StatePublished - Dec 18 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Atrial fibrillation ablation
  • Atrial fibrillation termination
  • Atrial fibrillation trigger
  • Complex fragmented atrial electrograms
  • Long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation
  • Persistent atrial fibrillation
  • Pulmonary vein antrum isolation
  • Pulmonary vein isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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