Maltoma of the thyroid in a man with Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Robert Wozniak, Lee Beckwith, Howard Ratech, Martin I. Surks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


We report the case of a 42-yr-old man with primary thyroid lymphoma arising from mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-lymphoma, maltoma). The patient underwent a hemithyroidectomy for a growing mass in the right lobe of the thyroid while being treated with l-thyroxine for Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The clinical diagnosis of Hashimoto's disease was confirmed by aspiration biopsy of the mass during the course of L-thyroxine treatment. Postoperatively, histology showed atypical lymphoproliferative infiltrates suspicious of low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue-type, coexisting with a reactive process typical of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Immunophenotyping showed a mixed B- and T-lymphocyte population, which was nondiagnostic. However, Southern blot analysis revealed a clonal rearrangement of the Ig heavy chain gene. This case demonstrates that cytology or histology may not distinguish between reactive or low-grade lymphomatous thyroid processes. The use of molecular technique was essential to prove clonality and the presence of lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1206-1209
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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