Longevity is associated with increased vascular resistance to high glucose-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory gene expression in Peromyscus leucopus

Nazar Labinskyy, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Janos Toth, Gabor Szalai, Monika Veres, Gyorgy Losonczy, John T. Pinto, Pal Pacher, Praveen Ballabh, Andrej Podlutsky, Steven N. Austad, Anna Csiszar, Zoltan Ungvari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Vascular aging is characterized by increased oxidative stress and proinflammatory pheno- typic alterations. Metabolic stress, such as hyperglycemia in diabetes, is known to increase the production of ROS and promote inflammatory gene expression, accelerating vascular aging. The oxidative stress hypothesis of aging predicts that vascular cells of long-lived species exhibit lower steady-state production of ROS and/or superior resistance to the prooxidant effects of metabolic stress. We tested this hypothesis using two taxonomically related rodents, the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) and the house mouse (Mus musculus), which show a more than twofold difference in maximum lifespan potential (8.2 and 3.5 yr, respectively). We compared interspecies differences in steady-state and high glucose (HG; 30 mmol/l)-induced production of O .- 2and H 2O 2, endothelial function, mitochondrial ROS generation, and inflammatory gene expression in cultured aortic segments. In P. leucopus aortas, steady-state endothelial O .- 2and H 2O 2 production and ROS generation by mitochondria were less than in M. musculus vessels. Furthermore, vessels of P. leucopus were more resistant to the prooxidant effects of HG. Primary fibroblasts from P. leucopus also exhibited less steady-state and HG-induced ROS production than M. musculus cells. In M. musculus arteries, HG elicited significant up- regulation of inflammatory markers (TNF-α, IL-6, ICAM-1, VCAM, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1). In contrast, the proinflam- matory effects of HG were blunted in P. leucopus vessels. Thus, increased life span potential in P. leucopus is associated with decreased cellular ROS generation and increased resistance to prooxi- dant and proinflammatory effects of metabolic stress, which accord with predictions of the oxidative stress hypothesis of aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H946-H954
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Comparative biology
  • Senescence
  • Vascular disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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