Incidence and Outcomes of Acute Heart Failure with Preserved Versus Reduced Ejection Fraction in SPRINT

Bharathi Upadhya, James J. Willard, Laura C. Lovato, Michael V. Rocco, Cora E. Lewis, Suzanne Oparil, William C. Cushman, Jeffrey T. Bates, Natalie A. Bello, Gerard Aurigemma, Karen C. Johnson, Carlos J. Rodriguez, Dominic S. Raj, Anjay Rastogi, Leonardo Tamariz, Alan Wiggers, Dalane W. Kitzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: In the SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial), intensive BP treatment reduced acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) events. Here, we report the effect on HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced EF (HFrEF) and their subsequent outcomes. Methods: Incident ADHF was defined as hospitalization or emergency department visit, confirmed, and formally adjudicated by a blinded events committee using standardized protocols. HFpEF was defined as EF ≥45%, and HFrEF was EF <45%. Results: Among the 133 participants with incident ADHF who had EF assessment, 69 (52%) had HFpEF and 64 (48%) had HFrEF (P value: 0.73). During average 3.3 years follow-up in those who developed incident ADHF, rates of subsequent all-cause and HF hospital readmission and mortality were high, but there were no significant differences between those who developed HFpEF versus HFrEF. Randomization to the intensive arm had no effect on subsequent mortality or readmissions after the initial ADHF event, irrespective of EF subtype. During follow-up among participants who developed HFpEF, although relatively modest number of events limited statistical power, age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality, and Black race independently predicted all-cause and HF hospital readmission. Conclusions: In SPRINT, intensive BP reduction decreased both acute decompensated HFpEF and HFrEF events. After initial incident ADHF, rates of subsequent hospital admission and mortality were high and were similar for those who developed HFpEF or HFrEF. Randomization to the intensive arm did not alter the risks for subsequent all-cause, or HF events in either HFpEF or HFrEF. Among those who developed HFpEF, age and Black race were independent predictors of clinical outcomes. Registration: URL:; Unique identifier: NCT01206062.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1291-1301
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021


  • blood pressure
  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • lipids
  • myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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