Importance of a multi-tiered treatment approach for intellectually and developmentally disabled patients with hidradenitis suppurativa

Avigdor Nosrati, McCall C.E. Torpey, Tyler M. Andriano, Gabrielle Benesh, Kayla M. Babbush, H. Dean Hosgood, Kristina L. Campton, Steven R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, debilitating skin condition that is characterized by painful pustules, nodules, abscesses, and sinus tracts. The complicated and fast-evolving treatment of HS consists of a multi-tiered approach that includes, antibacterial, antihormonal, anti-inflammatory, and surgical options. Studies have demonstrated an earlier age of onset and increased prevalence of HS in patients with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) compared to patients without IDD. To explore the use of an intensive multi-tiered HS management algorithm that requires monthly office visits, monthly intravenous therapy, and several daily treatment modalities in an HS population with IDD, we conducted an IRB-approved retrospective chart review of HS patients treated at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine-Montefiore HS Center (HSC) with diagnoses of concurrent IDD to investigate their demographic and diagnostic characteristics, as well as the spectrum of therapies employed in this cohort. A total of 22 HS patients with concomitant IDD, including trisomy 21, unspecified intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, and trisomy 13 were identified. Therapies utilized in this cohort for HS included topical and oral antibiotics, spironolactone, finasteride, oral contraceptive pills, infliximab, adalimumab, isotretinoin, intralesional and intramuscular triamcinolone injections, and excisional surgery. In conclusion, our findings indicate that despite the practical challenges, daily oral antibiotic regimens, anti-androgen combinations, oral retinoids, infliximab, adalimumab, and surgery collectively play important roles in treating HS patients with IDD. Our cases underscore the importance of utilizing the full range of modalities as the HS treatment algorithm continues to evolve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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