Common modalities of aural rehabilitation include external hearing aids, cochlear implantation, and bone anchored hearing aids. In recent years, there has been research, development, and application of implantable and semi-implantable hearing aids. These devices act by vibration of the ossicular chain by piezoelectric or electromagnetic energy. Although only recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, implantable hearing aids are evolving as a plausable option for patients with sensorineural or conductive hearing loss. Here, we review all current devices and surgical techniques for implantation.
|Number of pages
|Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
|Published - Dec 2003
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