HIV risk perception and constraints to protective behaviour among young slum dwellers in Ibadan, Nigeria

Adebola A. Adedimeji, Femi O. Omololu, Oluwole Odutolu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This study examined the relationship between HIV/AIDS risk perception and protective behaviour among sexually-active urban young slum dwellers in Ibadan, Nigeria. The multistage sampling techniques were used for selecting 1,600 respondents aged 15-24 years. Of these, 1,042 (65%) respondents who reported unprotected sex in the last three months were selected for analysis. Although the sexually-active respondents demonstrated basic knowledge of HIV/AIDS and high risk perception, risky behaviour was common and protective behaviour was poor. About 48% of 505 males and 12% of 537 females had multiple partners. Similarly, 29% of males and 38% of females were engaged in transactional sex. Only 14% of males and 5% of females used any form of protection, resulting in the high rates of sexually transmitted infections reported by 27% of males and 10% of females. Structural and environmental constraints were identified as barriers to adopting protective behaviour. Therefore, programme and policy interventions should be designed to address the peculiar circumstances of urban young slum dwellers to curtail the HIV epidemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-157
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV
  • HIV infections
  • Nigeria
  • Risk perceptions
  • Sexual behavior
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Slums

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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