History of hydrocephalus and its surgical treatment

James Tait Goodrich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Hydrocephalus, as known as a disease process, is an ancient one. The disorder has described in cave paintings, in early manuscripts in antiquity, and in many clinical observations over the last 25 centuries. The treatment of hydrocephalus as a surgical disorder is very recent, only dating to the 1950s. Prior to this period, treatment surgically lead to the death of the patient in almost one hundred percent of the time. Our medical colleagues did not do much better. In this chapter, we review the medical and surgical treatment of hydrocephalus dating to antiquity using contemporary reference sources. The development of the anatomy of the ventricular system, often very confusing to early anatomists, is reviewed if only to show the many errors generated by physicians in its understanding. The history of hydrocephalus is a fascinating one, and in order to better understand the concepts, illustrations from contemporary sources and the individuals involved have been included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Hydrocephalus
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9783319272504
ISBN (Print)9783319272481
StatePublished - Apr 23 2019


  • 2 hydrocephalus
  • Choroid plexectomy
  • Endoscope
  • History of hydrocephalus
  • Surgical history of hydrocephalus
  • Ventriculo peritoneal shunt history
  • Ventriculocisternostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)


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