Guidelines of the International Headache Society for controlled trials of pharmacological preventive treatment for persistent post-traumatic headache attributed to mild traumatic brain injury

Håkan Ashina, Hans Christoph Diener, Cristina Tassorelli, Ann I. Scher, Richard B. Lipton, Patricia Pozo-Rosich, Alexandra J. Sinclair, Catherine D. Chong, Alan G. Finkel, Messoud Ashina, Todd J. Schwedt, David W. Dodick, Gisela M. Terwindt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Persistent headache attributed to traumatic injury to the head is divided into two subtypes, one attributed to moderate or severe traumatic injury and another attributed to mild traumatic injury (i.e., concussion). The latter is much more prevalent, in part because more than 90% of cases with traumatic brain injury are classified as mild. The pathophysiology of persistent post-traumatic headache is poorly understood and the underlying mechanisms are likely multifactorial. There is currently no approved treatment specifically for persistent post-traumatic headache, and management strategies rely on medications used for migraine or tension-type headache. Therefore, high-quality trials are urgently needed to support clinical decision-making and optimize management strategies. International guidelines can facilitate appropriate trial design and ensure the acquisition of high-quality data evaluating the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of available and novel pharmacological therapies for the preventive treatment of persistent post-traumatic headache. Methods: The development of this guideline was based on a literature review of available studies in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, along with a review of previously published guidelines for controlled trials of preventive treatment for episodic and chronic migraine. The identified literature was critically appraised, and due to the scarcity of scientific evidence, recommendations were primarily based on the consensus of experts in the field. Objective: To provide guidelines for designing state-of-the-art controlled clinical trials aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of preventive treatments for persistent post-traumatic headache attributed to mild traumatic brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCephalalgia
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • adverse event
  • Guidelines
  • persistent post-traumatic headache
  • PPTH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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