Free, forced, and restricted recall in verbal learning

Walter Ritter, Herman Buschke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Forced recall by undergraduates resulted in greater retrieval than standard free recall and increased the retrieval of items without significantly increasing the intrusion rate. It is concluded that the inclusion of different, new items on each trial interferes with retrieval of repeated items from long-term storage. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1207
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1974
Externally publishedYes


  • forced vs free vs restricted recall in verbal learning, retrieval of additional repeated items

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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