Effects of proton pump inhibitors and electrolyte disturbances on arrhythmias

Elie El-Charabaty, Chadi Saifan, Mokhtar Abdallah, Ali Naboush, Daniel Glass, Georges Azzi, Yorg Azzi, Ahsan Khan, Hassan Baydoun, Chetana Rondla, Ninad Parekh, Suzanne El-Sayegh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Several case reports have been written regarding the relationship between the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and hypomagnesemia. Some of these reported cases have electrocardiogram abnormalities where electrolytes deficiencies were the contributing factor for these events. This study investigates the correlation between different arrhythmias and the use of PPI and hypomagnesaemia incidence. Four-hundred and twenty-one patients admitted to the critical care unit with unstable angina, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, and ST-elevation myocardial infarction were included in this study. One-hundred and eighty-four patients (43.8%) received PPI and 237 patients (51.16%) did not, magnesium levels were low (<1.8 mg/dL) in 95 patients (22.5%), and 167 patients (39.6%) developed arrhythmias. The P-values for the regression coefficient association for the use of PPI and the level of magnesium were P = 1.31e-29 and P = 8e-102, respectively. The P-values indicate that there is a statistically significant association between the PPI use, magnesium levels, and the occurrence of cardiovascular events, with a strong correlation factor of 0.817. Patients receiving PPIs should be followed closely for magnesium deficiency, especially if they experience acute cardiovascular events, because this may contribute to worsening arrhythmias and further complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-518
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of General Medicine
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Electrolyte disturbances
  • Medications side effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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