Effect of Hospital Safety Net Burden on Survival for Patients With Sinonasal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Christopher C. Tseng, Jeff Gao, Gregory L. Barinsky, Christina H. Fang, Jordon G. Grube, Prayag Patel, Wayne D. Hsueh, Jean Anderson Eloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To examine factors associated with hospital safety net burden and its impact on survival for patients with sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC). Study Design: Retrospective database study. Setting: National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2016. Methods: SNSCC cases were identified in the National Cancer Database. Hospital safety net burden was defined by percentage of uninsured/Medicaid patients treated, namely ≤25% for low-burden hospitals, 26% to 75% for medium-burden hospitals, and >75% for high-burden hospitals (HBHs). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to investigate patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and overall survival. Results: An overall 6556 SNSCC cases were identified, with 1807 (27.6%) patients treated at low-burden hospitals, 3314 (50.5%) at medium-burden hospitals, and 1435 (21.9%) at HBHs. On multivariate analysis, Black race (odds ratio [OR], 1.39; 95% CI, 1.028-1.868), maxillary sinus primary site (OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.036-1.643), treatment at an academic/research program (OR, 20.63; 95% CI, 8.868-47.980), and treatment at a higher-volume facility (P <.001) resulted in increased odds of being treated at HBHs. Patients with grade III/IV tumor (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.513-0.949), higher income (P <.05), or treatment modalities other than surgery alone (P <.05) had lower odds. Survival analysis showed that hospital safety net burden status was not significantly associated with overall survival (log-rank P =.727). Conclusion: In patients with SNSCC, certain clinicopathologic factors, including Black race, lower income, treatment at an academic/research program, and treatment at facilities in the West region, were associated with treatment at HBHs. Hospital safety net burden status was not associated with differences in overall survival. Level of evidence: 4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • National Cancer Database
  • hospital safety net
  • insurance
  • sinonasal cancer
  • squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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