Dosing Optimization of Low-Sodium Oxybate in Narcolepsy and Idiopathic Hypersomnia in Adults: Consensus Recommendations

Anne Marie Morse, Richard K. Bogan, Asim Roy, Michael J. Thorpy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Low-sodium oxybate (LXB) is approved for treatment of narcolepsy in patients aged 7 years and older and treatment of idiopathic hypersomnia in adults. LXB contains the same active moiety with 92% less sodium than sodium oxybate (SXB). As the indication for oxybate treatment in patients with idiopathic hypersomnia is new and allows for individualized dosing optimization, guidance for beginning LXB treatment is needed. In particular, clinicians may benefit from guidance regarding treatment initiation, dosing/regimen options, potential challenges, and treatment expectations. Additionally, pharmacokinetic profiles differ slightly between both treatments, and further guidance on transitioning from SXB to LXB in patients with narcolepsy may aid clinicians. Methods: An expert panel of five sleep specialists was convened to obtain consensus on recommendations for these topics using a modified Delphi process. Results: Across two virtual meetings, the panel agreed on 31 recommendations with a high degree of consensus that fell into four overarching topics: (1) introducing LXB to patients; (2) initiating LXB for adult narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia; (3) addressing challenges in using LXB; and (4) transitioning from SXB to LXB. The panel recommended that clinicians provide a clear overview of how LXB works for treating symptoms in narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia, as appropriate for their patients, explain safety aspects, and set expectations prior to initiating LXB treatment. Strategies for initial dosing and regimen are provided. Strategies for adjusting the dose, regimen, timing, and consideration of individual factors were developed for specific instances in which patients may have trouble staying asleep or waking up, as well as guidance for addressing potential adverse events, such as nausea, dizziness, anxiety, and depression. Discussion points based on existing literature and clinical experience were included as relevant for each statement. Conclusion: Clinicians may use this resource to guide LXB dosing optimization with patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-807
Number of pages23
JournalNeurology and Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2024


  • Consensus panel
  • Drug therapy
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia
  • Low-sodium oxybate
  • Narcolepsy
  • Recommendations
  • Titration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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