Immunoglobulin heavy chain class switching has been observed in vitro. In the IgG2b-producing MPC-11 mouse myeloma cell line, IgG2a-producing cells arise at a high frequency. In some cases, switch variants producing normal-sized [(M(r)55,000)] γ2a heavy chains have arisen spontaneously from a mutagen-induced intermediate (ICR 9.7.1) that produces an unusually large [(M(r)75,000)] heavy chain. Other switch variants have been isolated directly from the parent cell line. The expressed and unexpressed γ2b genes of MPC-11 can be distinguished in restriction endonuclease digests of total genomic DNA so that DNA rearrangements detected in MPC-11 variants can be directly associated with one or the other of these two genes. We describe here DNA rearrangements occurring on the expressed heavy chain chromosome of several MPC-11 γ2a switch variants and on the expressed chromosome of the ICR 9.7.1 intermediate. Our data indicate that all of these variants express the parental heavy chain variable region [V(H)]gene supporting previous protein studies. We provide mapping data for the expressed gene of both ICR 9.7.1 and one of the IgG2a-producing variant cell lines (ICR 22.214.171.124) derived from it and discuss the advantages of an in vitro switching system for examining the dynamics of the immunoglobulin heavy chain class switch.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - 1982
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