Daily cortisol production rate in man determined by stable isotope dilution/mass spectrometry

Nora V. Esteban, Thérèse Loughlin, Alfred L. Yergey, Joanna K. Zawadzki, John D. Booth, Jorg C. Winterer, D. Lynn Loriaux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

412 Scopus citations


Growth retardation as well as the development of Cushingoid features in adrenally insufficient patients treated with the currently accepted replacement dose of cortisol (33–41μmol/day · m2; 12–15 mg/m2·day) prompted us to reevaluate the cortisol production rate (FPR) in normal subjects and patients with Cushing’s syndrome, using a recently developed thermospray liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. The stable isotope [9, 12, 12-2H3]cortisol was infused continuously for 31 h at about 5% of the anticipated FPR. Blood samples were obtained at 20-min intervals for 24 h, spun, and pooled in 4-h groups. Tracer dilution in plasma was determined by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. The method was validated with controlled infusions in 6 patients with adrenal insufficiency. Results from 12 normal volunteers revealed a FPR of 27.3 ± 7.5 μmol/day (9.9 ± 2.7 mg/day) or 15.7 μmol/day · m2; 5.7 mg/m2·day). A previously unreported circadian variation in FPR was observed. Patients with Cushing’s syndrome demonstrated unequivocal elevation of FPR (84.7 ± 25.7 μmol/day) and loss of circadian rhythm. FPR and cortisol concentration correlated during each sample period in normal volunteers, indicating that cortisol secretion, rather than metabolism, is mainly responsible for changes in plasma cortisol. Our data suggest that the FPR in normal subjects may be lower than previously believed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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