Cytokines in experimental autoimmune vasculitis: Evidence for a Th2 type response

Y. Tomer, V. Barak, B. Gilburd, Y. Shoenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: To investigate the pathogenic role of cytokines in the development of experimental autoimmune vasculitis. Methods: BALB/c mice were immunized with human IgG-ANCA from a patient with WG. Control mice were immunized with normal human IgG. Levels of mouse IgG-ANCA and other autoantibodies were determined. The mice lungs and kidneys were examined for the development of vasculitis. Levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-2, IL- 4, IL-6, interferon γ (IFNγ) and TNFα were determined by ELISA two weeks after immunization of the mice. Results: Mice immunized with human IgG-ANCA developed anti-human IgG-ANCA (= Ab2) and anti-anti-human IgG-ANCA (mouse IgG-ANCA = Ab3), while the controls did not develop these antibodies. The mice that were immunized with human IgG-ANCA developed perivascular mononuclear cell infiltrates in the lungs, suggesting vasculitis. Levels of IL-4, IL-6 and TNFα but not IL-1β, IL-2 and IFNγ were significantly elevated in the mice 2 weeks after immunization with IgG-ANCA. Conclusion: Our results suggest a pathogenic role for IL-4, IL-6 and TNFα in the initiation phase of autoimmune vasculitis. This suggests that a Th2 type immune response is responsible for the initiation of experimental autoimmune lung vasculitis, similar to Wegener's granulomatosis in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-526
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 7 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Autoimmunity
  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin
  • Vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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