Cultural and neighborhood characteristics associated with activity-specific parenting practices in Hispanic/Latino youth: a secondary analysis of the Hispanic Community Children’s health study/study of Latino youth

Christopher J. Gonzalez, Madison N. LeCroy, Martha L. Daviglus, Linda Van Horn, Linda C. Gallo, Franklyn Gonzalez, Krista M. Perreira, Maria M. Llabre, Martin F. Shapiro, Carmen R. Isasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hispanic/Latino youth are less physically active than non-Hispanic/Latino youth. We assessed whether activity-specific parenting practices relate to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior among Hispanic/Latino youth, and whether cultural (acculturation) and neighborhood characteristics (perceived barriers to activity) relate to the use of parenting practice patterns. Using the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth, n = 976 8–16-year-olds), we modeled linear regression associations between parenting practices and mean daily MVPA and sedentary behavior. Parenting practice patterns were then developed using k-means cluster analysis, and regressed on parental acculturation and neighborhood characteristics. Discipline predicted higher MVPA in females (β 1.89 [95% CI 0.11–3.67]), while Monitoring/Reinforcement predicted higher MVPA in males (β 4.71 [95% CI 0.68–8.74]). Three patterns were then identified: Negative Reinforcement (high Limit Setting and Discipline use), Positive Reinforcement (high Limit Setting and Monitoring/Reinforcement use), and Permissive Parenting (low parenting practice use). Higher acculturation predicted use of Positive Reinforcement. Activity-specific parenting practices are associated with activity in sex-specific ways among Hispanic/Latino youth, and cultural factors predict the use of parenting practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)732-744
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Hispanic/Latino
  • Parenting practices
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Social determinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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