Comparison of "Word" vs. "Picture" version of the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) in older adults

Molly E. Zimmerman, Mindy J. Katz, Cuiling Wang, Leah C. Burns, Robert M. Berman, Carol A. Derby, Gilbert L'Italien, David Budd, Richard B. Lipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Background: This study examined the psychometric relationship between the Word and Picture versions of the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) and developed an equation for score conversion. Methods: One hundred and eight-seven participants were administered the FCSRT-Picture and FCSRT-Word on two visits using a randomized counterbalanced design. Results: Participants had a mean age of 82.1 (standard deviation or SD=5.4) and mean education of 14.5 (SD=3.3) years. Mean FCSRT-Picture Free Recall score (mean 33.0 years, range: 17-44 years) was 7.9 points higher than the Word score (mean 25.1 years, range: 3-43 years). The Picture and Word FCSRT correlations for Free Recall and Total Recall were r=0.56, P<.01 and r=0.46, P<.01, respectively. Discussion: The Picture and Word versions of the FCSRT were moderately associated in a sample of cognitively normal older adults. The score mean differences and variability between FCSRT-Picture and FCSRT-Word indicate that their scores should not be considered equivalent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015


  • Cognitive impairment
  • Dementia
  • Episodic memory
  • Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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