Colonic lipomas revisited on CT colonography

Shima Roknsharifi, Zina Ricci, Mariya Kobi, Eugene Huo, Judy Yee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: CT colonography (CTC) is growing in its utilization as a nationally approved colorectal cancer screening test. After colonic polyps, lipomas are the second most common colonic lesions and their accurate and rapid recognition are important. Methods: This retrospective Institutional Review Board approved study was performed at two large academic university-based institutions. 1044 patients underwent CTC at Institution A from 2010 to 2018 and 1094 patients underwent CTC at Institution B from 2003 to 2015. All CTC examinations with at least one colonic lipoma in their report were evaluated by a fellowship-trained abdominal imaging radiologist. 47 CTC examinations containing 59 colonic lipomas were detected and included. Segmental location, sessile versus pedunculated morphology, multiplicity, average attenuation, and largest lesion diameter were evaluated. A review of the current literature on colonic lipomas is entailed. Results: The overall incidence of colonic lipoma was 2.2% in women and 2.3% in men. Mean age for detection of colonic lipomas on CTC was 66.9 years. Segmental locations of colonic lipomas include ascending colon (39%), transverse colon (19%), ileocecal valve (12%), cecum (12%), descending colon (10%), and rectosigmoid (8%). 9% of colonic lipomas were multiple, 42% were pedunculated, and 58% were sessile. The mean (range) size of detected lipomas was 19 (6–59) mm. The mean (range) attenuation was − 132 (− 41 to − 258) HU. Conclusion: Most colonic lipomas are located in the ascending colon. Although they are typically solitary, just under 10% are multiple, and although they are most often sessile, slightly under half are pedunculated mimicking polyps. CTC detects smaller lipomas than optical colonoscopy. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1788-1797
Number of pages10
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • CTC
  • Characteristics
  • Colonic lipoma
  • Computed tomography colonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology


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