Coculture of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells from Wharton's jelly and brain tumor stem cells

Yi Tian, Fang Xia Guan, Xiang Hu, Bo Yang, Ying Du, Chang Hui Zhou, Yun Tao Ba, Chen Xi Gu, Ning Jing Lei, Xiao Wei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Human mesenchymal stem cells derived from Wharton's jelly (WJCs) display the characteristics of MSCs as defined by the International Society for Cellular Therapy. They can be differentiated into bone, cartilage, adipose, muscle, and neural cells. They can also support the expansion of other stem cells, be well-tolerated by the immune system, and have the ability to home to tumors. OBJECTIVE: To investigate biological changes of WJCs and brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs) co-cultured in vitro. METHODS: WJCs cultured by situ cultivation and BTSCs used enzyme digestion way respectively, and gathering the 3rd passage of WJCs though subculturing as well as BTSCs. Two kinds of cells co-cultured in 24-well plates in serum-free medium (SFM) without any growth factor. 3 and 7 days after co-cultured respectively, CD133 expression of suspension cells in the 24-well plates were identified by flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence was performed for Nestin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression of adherent cells. Co-culture supernatant (CCS) re-suspended 3rd passage of BTSCs and cultured into 96-well plates at day 3, which were used to determine the difference in cell growth curve in both groups using a microplate reader. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: With the cocultivation days increasing, the phenomenon that tumor sphere cells began to be decomposed, adherent and differentiated observed by an inverted microscope. BTSCs in the co-cultured group expressed GFAP and Nestin when adherent and differentiated. The higher degree of malignant brain tumor tissue used in culturing BTSCs was, the higher expression of CD133 in BTSCs was. CD133+ in BTSCs declined when co-cultured with WJCs. Growth curve of brain tumor stem cells cultured in CCS compared with in SFM at day 3, which indicates that the proliferation of BTSCs inhibited obviously. Results indicated that CD133+ expression and proliferative capacity of BTSCs went down and BTSCs underwent differentiation during the co-culture in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1728
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Mar 5 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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