Cervical spine surgery in the ancient and medieval worlds.

James Tait Goodrich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The early historical literature on cervical spine surgery lacks printed material for review, and we can rely only on pathological material from the prehistoric period that has survived as a result of anthropological investigations. After the introduction of Egyptian and early Hellenic medicine, some written material became available. This paper reviews these materials, from both books and manuscripts, in an effort to understand the development of cervical spine surgery from the perspectives of the personalities involved and the early surgical practices used. The review thus considers the following five eras of medicine: 1) prehistoric; 2) Egyptian and Babylonian; 3) Greek and early Byzantine; 4) Middle Eastern; and 5) medieval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E7
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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