CCAAT‐box contributions to human thymidine kinase mRNA expression

Xianzhi Mao, Li Xia, Guodong Liang, Xiaoxia Gai, Dan‐Yang ‐Y Huang, Michael B. Prystowsky, Kenneth E. Lipson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In order to examine the role of two inverted CCAAT boxes near the start of transcription of the human thymidine kinase (TK) gene, a series of constructs were prepared in which one or both CCAAT boxes were deleted or mutated. These altered promoters (1.2 kb of 5'‐flanking sequence) were used to express a TK minigene containing the first two exons and introns followed by the remainder of the cDNA. RNA blots were prepared from stable cell lines of ts13 cells containing these constructs under three conditions: (1) serum deprived cells, (2) serum stimulated cells, and (3) cells that had been stimulated with serum, but were arrested in the G1 phase of the cell cycle by the temperature sensitive mutation carried by these cells. TK mRNA expression from each construct was suppressed by the temperature sensitive block to cell cycle progression. Measurement of protein expression from the various altered TK promoters indicated that both CCAAT boxes contribute to promoter strength. These experiments also suggested that the two CCAAT boxes were not equivalent and that the distal CCAAT could substitute for the proximal CCAAT, but the converse was not true.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-710
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1995


  • DNA‐binding proteins
  • S phase
  • cell cycle
  • promoter
  • site‐directed mutagenesis
  • transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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