Burden of Valvular Heart Diseases in Hispanic/Latino Individuals in the United States: The Echocardiographic Study of Latinos

Jonathan Rubin, Shivani R. Aggarwal, Katrina R. Swett, Ajay J. Kirtane, Susheel K. Kodali, Tamim M. Nazif, Min Pu, R. Dadhania, Robert C. Kaplan, Carlos J. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: To explore the burden and clinical correlates of valvular heart disease in Hispanics/Latinos in the United States. Patients and Methods: A total of 1818 individuals from the population-based study of Latinos/Hispanics from 4 US metropolitan areas (Bronx, New York; Chicago, Illinois; San Diego, California; and Miami, Florida) underwent a comprehensive clinical and echocardiographic examination from October 1, 2011, through June 24, 2014. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations of clinical and sociodemographic variables with valvular lesions. Results: The mean age was 55.2±0.2 years; 57.4% were female. The prevalence of any valvular heart disease (AVHD) was 3.1%, with no considerable differences across sex, and a higher prevalence with increasing age. The proportion of US-born vs foreign-born individuals was similar in those with vs without AVHD (P=.31). The weighted prevalence of AVHD was highest in Central Americans (8.4%) and lowest in Mexicans (1.2%). Regurgitant lesions of moderate or greater severity were present in 2.4% of the population and stenotic lesions of moderate or greater severity in 0.2%. Compared with those without AVHD, individuals with AVHD were more likely to have health insurance coverage (59.6% vs 79.2%; P=.007) but similar income (P=.06) and educational status (P=.46). Univariate regression models revealed that regurgitant lesions were associated with lower body mass index whereas stenotic lesions were associated with higher body mass index. Conclusion: Our data provide the first population-based estimates of the prevalence of valvular heart disease in Hispanic/Latinos. Valvular heart disease is fairly common in the Hispanic/Latino population and may constitute an important public health problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1488-1498
Number of pages11
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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