Bumpy muscles

Thomas L. Slamovits, Ronald M. Burde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


A 63-year-old man developed bilateral conjunctival injection and irritation followed by periocular discomfort and diplopia. Within weeks left proptosis and intermittent fever were noted. Orbital CT scan showed bilateral nodular enlargement of multiple extraocular muscles. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of the extraocular muscles revealed neoplastic cells compatible with a renal cell carcinoma. The bilateral extraocular muscle metastases were the initial manifestations of the underlying malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-199
Number of pages11
JournalSurvey of Ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988


  • computed tomography
  • extraocular muscles
  • fine needle aspiration biopsy
  • metastatic disease
  • orbit
  • renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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