Attitudes toward menopause in HIV-infected and at-risk women

Diana Hartel, Yungtai Lo, Carolyn Bauer, Nancy Budner, Andrea A. Howard, Michelle Floris-Moore, Julia H. Arnsten, Nanette Santoro, Ellie E. Schoenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: To study attitudes toward menopause in women with or at risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) aged 35 to 60 in New York City, NY, USA. Design: Data were obtained at the baseline interview in a cohort study of menopause. Of 502 participating women, 92 were postmenopausal and 162 were perimenopausal. Results: Overall, 37.5% of women had a relatively favorable attitude toward menopause. African Americans had a 72% greater odds of a positive attitude (OR = 1.72, 95% CI 1.16-2.57) than all other groups after adjusting for covariates. Hispanic women had the least favorable view of menopause. Experience of > 3 menopausal symptoms and negative life events - being a witness to a murder, and the death of a child - were significantly associated with negative attitudes towards menopause (OR = 0.62, 95% CI 0.42-0.93 and OR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.43-0.93, respectively). Depressive symptoms, street drug use, and having a domestic partner, which is significant in single variable analyses, did not remain independent predictors in multivariate results. HIV status, menopause status, and age at interview were not associated with menopause attitudes. Conclusions: HIV-infected, drug-using, low-income women showed generally unfavorable attitudes towards menopause. High stress life events coupled with a high prevalence of depressive symptoms indicate this population has special needs marked by the menopause transition into older age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2008


  • Attitudes
  • HIV
  • Menopause
  • Street drug users

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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