Association of smoking history on health-related quality of life in patients undergoing radical cystecomy

Benjamin B. Beech, Alexander D. Doudt, Daniel D. Sjoberg, Matthew B. Clements, Amy L. Tin, Thomas M. Atkinson, Yuelin Li, Bruce D. Rapkin, Andrew J. Vickers, Richard S. Matulewicz, Bernard H. Bochner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: Radical cystectomy (RC) has the potential to impact health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Many patients who undergo RC are current or former smokers. To better inform preoperative patient counseling, we examined the association between smoking status and HRQOL after RC. Materials and Methods: A secondary analysis was performed on a prospective, longitudinal study (2008–2014) examining HRQOL in patients undergoing RC for bladder cancer. We analyzed 12 validated patient-reported outcome measures that focused on functional, symptomatic, psychosocial, and global HRQOL domains. Measures were collected pre-operatively and 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-months postoperatively. For each HRQOL domain, we estimated the mean domain scores using a generalized estimation equation linear regression model. Each model included survey time, smoking status, and time-smoking interaction as covariates. Pairwise comparisons of current, former, and never smokers were estimated from the models. Results: Of the 411 patients available for analysis, 29% (n = 119) never smoked, 59% (n = 244) were former smokers, and 12% (n = 48) were current smokers. Over the follow-up period, never smokers compared to current smokers had better global QOL scores (mean difference = +8.9; 95% CI 1.3–16; p = 0.023) and lower pain levels (mean difference = −10; 95% CI −19 to −0.54; p = 0.036). Compared to current smokers, former smokers had marginal improvements in global QOL (+6.9 points) and pain (−7.5 points) during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Current smokers reported worse HRQOL recovery in the 24-months after RC. These findings can be used to counsel patients who smoke on recovery expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325.e9-325.e14
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • Bladder cancer
  • Patient-reported
  • Quality of life
  • Radical cystectomy
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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