Association of Insulin Resistance and Higher Oncotype DX™ Recurrence Score

Nicole T. Gordon, Jaime J. Alberty-Oller, Kezhen Fei, Giampaolo Greco, Emily J. Gallagher, Derek LeRoith, Sheldon M. Feldman, Bridgid Killilea, Susan K. Boolbol, Lydia Choi, Neil Friedman, Melissa Pilewskie, Elisa Port, Amy Tiersten, Nina A. Bickell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Black women with breast cancer have a worse overall survival compared with White women; however, no difference in Oncotype DX™ (ODX) recurrence scores has been observed to explain this health disparity. Black women are also disproportionately affected by insulin resistance. We evaluated whether insulin resistance is associated with a higher ODX recurrence score and whether there is a difference between White and Black women to explain disparate clinical outcomes. Methods: A subgroup analysis of patients in a multi-institutional cross-sectional study evaluating differences in insulin resistance between White and Black women was performed. Women diagnosed with a new hormone receptor-positive, HER2/neu-negative breast cancer with an ODX recurrence score were identified. Fasting blood glucose and insulin measurements were used to calculate the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) score, a method for assessing insulin resistance, and compared against ODX scores. Results: Overall, 412 women (358 White women, 54 Black women) were identified. Compared with White women, Black women had a higher body mass index (30 vs. 26 kg/m2, p < 0.0001), higher HOMA-IR score (2.4 vs. 1.4, p = 0.004), and more high-grade tumors (30% vs. 16%, p = 0.01). There was a direct positive association with an increasing ODX score and HOMA-IR (p = 0.014). On subset analysis, this relationship was seen in White women (p = 0.005), but not in Black women (p = 0.55). Conclusion: In women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, increasing insulin resistance is associated with a higher recurrence score; however, this association was not present in Black women. This lack of association may be due to the small number of Black women in the cohort, or possibly a reflection of a different biological disease process of the patient’s tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5941-5947
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


Dive into the research topics of 'Association of Insulin Resistance and Higher Oncotype DX™ Recurrence Score'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this