AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in the HAART era in New York City

D. B. Hanna, L. S. Gupta, L. E. Jones, D. M. Thompson, S. E. Kellerman, J. E. Sackoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Despite widespread availability of HAART, opportunistic illnesses (OIs) still occur and result in an increased risk of mortality among persons with AIDS. We estimated the incidence of OIs among all new adult AIDS cases in New York City in 2000 overall and in demographic and clinical subgroups and identified factors associated with occurrence of an AIDS-defining OI versus AIDS diagnosis based on low CD4+ values only. In 2000, 5,451 new AIDS cases were reported to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Of these 27.4% (95% CI: 22.8-32.6) had at least one OI, most frequent being Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (12.2%) and M. tuberculosis (5.3%); 47.1% (41.7-52.5) had a late HIV diagnosis (i.e.≤6 months before AIDS diagnosis). Persons with a late HIV diagnosis not in recent care had a 3.5-fold increased odds (1.29-9.63) of an OI, compared to non-late testers in care. Other predictors of an OI were injection drug use and older age. We conclude that OIs remain prevalent in the HAART era and late testers not in care are especially likely to develop an OI. Our results support comprehensive HIV programs promoting early HIV testing and linkage to care to prevent OI-related morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-272
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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