ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Imaging of Facial Trauma Following Primary Survey

Expert Panel on Neurological Imaging:

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Maxillofacial trauma patients comprise a significant subset of patients presenting to emergency departments. Before evaluating for facial trauma, an emergency or trauma physician must perform a primary survey to ensure patient stabilization. Following this primary survey, this document discusses the following clinical scenarios for facial trauma: tenderness to palpation or contusion or edema over frontal bone (suspected frontal bone injury); pain with upper jaw manipulation or pain overlying zygoma or zygomatic deformity or facial elongation or malocclusion or infraorbital nerve paresthesia (suspected midface injury); visible nasal deformity or palpable nasal deformity or tenderness to palpation of the nose or epistaxis (suspected nasal bone injury); and trismus or malocclusion or gingival hemorrhage or mucosal hemorrhage or loose teeth or fractured teeth or displaced teeth (suspected mandibular injury). The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S67-S86
JournalJournal of the American College of Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • AUC
  • Appropriate Use Criteria
  • Appropriateness Criteria
  • Frontal bone injury
  • Imaging
  • Mandibular injury
  • Maxillofacial trauma
  • Midface injury
  • Nasal bone injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Imaging of Facial Trauma Following Primary Survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this