Acid Base Balance and Progression of Kidney Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Summary: A large body of work in animals and human beings supports the hypothesis that metabolic acidosis has a deleterious effect on the progression of kidney disease. Alkali therapy, whether pharmacologically or through dietary intervention, appears to slow CKD progression, but an appropriately powered randomized controlled trial with a low risk of bias is required to reach a more definitive conclusion. Recent work on urinary ammonium excretion has shown that the development of prognostic tools related to acidosis is not straightforward, and that application of urine markers such as ammonium may require more nuance than would be predicted based on our understanding of the pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-417
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Nephrology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2019


  • Renal insufficiency
  • acidosis
  • alkali therapy
  • alkalosis
  • chronic
  • kidney disease progression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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