A phase II trial of vinorelbine and intensive temozolomide for patients with recurrent or progressive brain metastases

Fabio M. Iwamoto, Antonio M. Omuro, Jeffrey J. Raizer, Craig P. Nolan, Adí Lia Hormigo, Andrew B. Lassman, Igor T. Gavrilovic, Lauren E. Abrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the combination of vinorelbine and intensive temozolomide for recurrent or progressive brain metastases from solid tumors. Methods; Patients ≥18 years of age and with Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) ≥60, adequate organ function and progressive or recurrent brain metastases were eligible. This was a phase II trial with 28-day cycles using temozolomide (150 mg/m2, days 1-7 and 15-21) and vinorelbine 25 or 30 mg/m2on days one and eight. The primary endpoint was objective radiographic response. Results: Thirty-eight patients (15 men, 23 women) with a median age of 57 years (range, 39-75) and median KPS of 80 were enrolled. The primary tumor sites were lung (n = 20), breast (n = 11), colorectal (n = 2), kidney (n = 2), bladder (n = 1), endometrium (n = 1), head and neck (n = 1). Prior therapies included chemotherapy (97%), whole-brain radiation therapy (79%), brain metastasis resection (53%) and stereotatic radiosurgery (47%). Objective radiographic response rate was 5% (one complete response and one minor response); five patients had stable disease, 29 progressive disease and two patients were not evaluable. Twenty-nine patients (76%) have died and the median follow-up of survivors was six months. Median progression-free and overall survivals were 1.9 and 5 months, respectively. Grade 3/4 toxicities were mainly hematological and two patients discontinued the study due to myelosuppression. Conclusions: In this heavily pretreated population of patients with brain metastases, adding vinorelbine and increasing the intensity of temozolomide do not improve response rates compared to previous studies with single-agent temozolomide at standard doses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain metastasis
  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Temozolomide
  • Vinorelbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research


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