3D Printing and Heart Failure: The Present and the Future

Kanwal M. Farooqi, Cathleen Cooper, Anjali Chelliah, Omar Saeed, Paul J. Chai, Sachin R. Jambawalikar, Hod Lipson, Emile A. Bacha, Andrew J. Einstein, Ulrich P. Jorde

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Advanced imaging modalities provide essential anatomic and spatial information in patients with complex heart disease. Two-dimensional imaging can be limited in the extent to which true 3-dimensional (3D) relationships are represented. The application of 3D printing technology has increased the creation of physical models that overcomes the limitations of a 2D screen. Many groups have reported the use of 3D printing for preprocedural planning in patients with different causes of heart failure. This paper reviews the innovative applications of this technique to provide patient-specific models to improve patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-142
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019


  • 3D printing
  • cardiac computed tomography
  • cardiac magnetic resonance
  • heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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